/ / Castle Reichenstein: photos, description (Burg Reichenstein)

Castle Reichenstein: photos, description (Burg Reichenstein)

Castle Reichenstein - one of the castles of the middle Rhine valley and located in the Federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. The castle is part of the municipality of Trechtingshausen and stands on the steep slope.

The first mention of the castle dates from 1213, its owner was the Royal Governor in Aachen Abbey Kornelimunster. According to unconfirmed reports, the first siege of the castle took place in 1253, but proof of this. However, in 1282, the first king of Germany Habsburg Rudolf truly captured the castle Reichenstein and destroyed it, preventing to restore. The castle at the time was ruled by the famous gang of robbers, who conquered a neighboring castle Rheinstein.

The ruins of the castle became the property of Reichenstein Below. Eventually the castle was rebuilt. In 1344 the Holy Roman Emperor Louis IV gave the castle to the Archbishop of Mainz. Then the castle was surrounded by a double fortress wall. In 1396, elections were held of the Archbishop of Mainz, the results of which caused the conflict between the two candidates. The castle Reichenstein had to withstand another siege, but in the end the conflict was settled peacefully.

The castle fell into disrepair in 1572, when its owner, the city Treasurer out of funds to maintain the castle in good condition. In 1689, during the war of the Palatinate inherited the castle Reichenstein was completely destroyed.

The first restoration work at the castle began in 1834, the new owner of the castle was built a residential tower. Since 1899, the castle has a family Kirsch, Puricelli, in the early twentieth century they had a major reconstruction of the castle in neo-Gothic style. Castle Reichenstein was one of the last deputies of the Rhine valley, which was rebuilt in the style of historic romanticism. At the moment the castle is the property of a direct descendant of a family of Puricelli.

Castle Reichenstein open to the public, now it houses the Museum of the castle, and from the observation deck in the yard offers amazing views of the Rhine. To enter the castle through the drawbridge surviving with the grid.

Among the exhibits is to provide a collection of weapons, armor, and articles of iron. Residential rooms of the castle are also open to the public, they still maintain the atmosphere of past centuries. Particularly worth mentioning is located on the top floor of knight hall with stained glass Windows. The castle is worth visiting the chapel in the crypt where are buried the family of the Prussian Prince Frederick William Louis. A wooden image in the altar of the chapel is in the Gothic style and depicts the last Supper.

Castle Reichenstein surrounded by vineyards, which has about 500 years. From the juice of grapes still doing fine Burgundy wines. The castle also contains a restaurant, held marriage. By the end of 2015 the castle plans to open a hotel.

Take a boat trip past the castle Reichenstein and other castles of the Rhine valley is especially interesting at night on the first Sunday of July when the festival of fireworks "Rhine in flames".

Since 2002, all the castles of the upper Middle Rhine valley was included in the list of monuments of cultural heritage of UNESCO.