/ / The castle of Furstenberg: photo description (Burg Fuerstenberg)

The castle of Furstenberg: photo description (Burg Fuerstenberg)

The castle of fürstenberg - one of the castles of the middle Rhine valley and located in the Federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. At the moment it was only ruins.

The fortress was built in 1219 to the archbishops of Cologne, has long been used for defensive purposes and as a customs post. With 1243 year building was ceded to the Palatinate Kurfurst, but finally became its official territory is only in 1410. In the middle of the XIV century the castle was twice besieged the Bavarian king in 1321, and Archbishop Baudouin Trickim in 1325. In the year 1500, in connection with the development of the artillery fortress was further strengthened.

During the Thirty years war Furstenberg was first taken by Spanish troops in 1620, and then the Swedish in 1632. Like many other castles of the Rhine valley, it was completely destroyed by the French army in 1689 during the Palatinate war of succession.

In 1846 Furstenberg acquired a sister of the Prussian king Friedrich Wilhelm IV who wanted to rebuild the castle in neo-Gothic style, but for unknown reasons this plan was not fulfilled. Later this castle, unlike other castles of the Rhine, and has not been restored to preserve the authenticity of the medieval buildings.

The fortress itself stands at a height of 152 meters above sea level, it is surrounded by a powerful ten-meter fortress wall and a moat the depth of which is up to 15 metres. Across the ditch, spanned by a drawbridge, which has been restored and still operates.

On the ground floor of the main tower - Bergfried previously housed warehouses and a prison. Bargfrede height is 12 meters. From the main living part of the building is almost nothing left. In our days, near the castle, an observation deck where you can enjoy the amazing view of the Rhine.

Since 2002, all the castles of the upper Middle Rhine valley was included in the list of monuments of cultural heritage of UNESCO.