/ / Imperial Cathedral: photos, description (Dom zu Speyer)

Imperial Cathedral: photos, description (Dom zu Speyer)

The main attraction of the city, which has become its symbol - the Imperial Cathedral. Thanks to its location on an elevated site and monumental dimensions (length 134 meters, width 33 meters) the silhouette of the Cathedral with four towers and two domes are visible from afar. This is the largest monument of Romanesque architecture in Germany in 1981 was included in the List of world cultural heritage of UNESCO.

The construction of the Cathedral began around 1025, during the reign of Conrad II. The Cathedral was consecrated in 1061. Already in 1041 consecrated his crypt that served as the burial place of emperors and kings for three hundred years. When Henry IV was added vaulted ceilings, towers and apse.

For thousands of years, the Cathedral was repeatedly restored and enhanced, changed its appearance. The largest disaster in the history of the Cathedral took place in 1689, when the soldiers of French king Louis XIV destroyed it, leaving only the walls, and defiled in the Cathedral of burial. In 1772-1784 years the Cathedral was restored and enlarged with a vestibule and facade, however, soon again seized and desecrated by the French. In 1846-1853 held complete restoration and decoration of the magnificent frescos on the funds of the Bavarian king Ludwig I.