/ / Museum of taxes and duties: photos, description (Deutsches Zollmuseum)

Museum of taxes and duties: photos, description (Deutsches Zollmuseum)

Museum of taxes and duties was opened in 1992. It is located in the famous district Hamburg Speicherstadt, in the former building of the customs administration, built in 1900.

The Museum was opened in the most appropriate city. Hamburg had the right to collect customs duties with the goods, carry on the Elbe, since 1189. This permission was granted by the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by Frederick Barbarossa. In the history of this important port centre, there are still many bright pages in the Middle ages, Hamburg was part of the famous Hanseatic League, and in 1510 the city got together with the status of "free Imperial city" the right to self-government. In the era of Great geographical discoveries Hamburg served as a major port for the delivery of colonial goods to Europe and after the unification of Germany in 1871, he became the main Imperial gate to the world". Built in 1891, the Kiel canal provided direct access to the Baltic sea. This rich history of the city, directly connected with Maritime Commerce, of course, is reflected in exhibitions and expositions of the Museum of taxes and duties.

The location of the Museum is also symbolic - it is located in the heart of the harbour area of the city, the so called "Speicherstadt". It consists of a kind of Islands on stilts, where the streets are the numerous channels. Along one of these channels, and a Museum building.

The Museum is spread over two floors: the first entirely devoted to current tax charges, while the second presents exhibits from the Roman times up to the formation of the GDR. And one of them is a customs cruiser "Oldenburg", built in 1976, exhibited at the Museum pier.

Interesting history of the Museum - he was the successor of the Berlin Imperial Museum of taxes and duties, which was destroyed during the Second world war. In addition, many exhibits have been donated by the Museum of Cologne, Institute of criminology, which after the formation of the Hamburg Museum ceased its activity.