/ / Aachen Cathedral: photos, description (Aachener Dom)

Aachen Cathedral: photos, description (Aachener Dom)

Charlemagne, the first Holy Roman Emperor and king of the Franks, died in 814 year. A few years before his death, Charles ordered his friend, Advisor and biographer, Angaru build a magnificent Palace with a chapel. Einhard chosen for the implementation of the plan of the architect Odo of Metz, and in 805 year the chapel was consecrated. That is where Charlemagne is buried, and there is a reliquary with the relics of it to this day.

Simple in plan, the chapel is a high octagonal hall with lower shestnadcatiletnim. Arches lined with alternating bands of colored stone. The walls of the chapel decorated with ancient mosaics and ended with a simple conical roof. In the XVII century it was replaced by a high dome with a lantern. From the ceiling hangs a wrought iron chandelier in the shape of a crown, podnebenny as a gift to the Cathedral by Frederick Barbarossa. And in the Museum-Treasury of the Cathedral is stored a medieval cast statue of the virgin of extraordinary beauty.

The Palace chapel has received the status of Cathedral in the ninth century. She went down in history as the place of coronation of German kings. In the chapel there is a large throne, according to legend, once belonged to Charlemagne. Emperor Henry II gave in the XI century the Cathedral a bronze pulpit, inlaid with ivory.

Aachen Cathedral is a traditional Romanesque architecture of the Basilica or cruciform plan. Capella is its core. In the XIV century to the East of the chapel choir was built in Gothic style with the altar. Thirteen huge 25-metre-high Windows of the choir, separated by slender buttresses, occupy a large part of the wall and illuminate the Cathedral. They contrast with small round Windows of the chapel. Subsequently, there were other chapels, a variety of shapes and sizes. Clearly visible steep slopes of the roof of the choir, built in the XIV century, and the dome of the XVII century, which crowns the chapel. A pyramidal spire, much different in style, was built later.