/ / German drama theatre: photos, description (Deutsches Theater)

German drama theatre: photos, description (Deutsches Theater)

The Deutsches Schauspielhaus theatre is the capital of Germany, Berlin. It is located in the Central Mitte district, which includes all government agencies.

Currently the theatre consists of two interlocking scenes: main scene has about 600 seats. Small stage known as the "chamber theater" (Kammerspiele) and was arranged in 1906, the famous Director of the theater Director max Reinhardt. According to his idea, there was supposed to be modern pieces, while the main stage was designed for classical plays. A small stage can accommodate about 250 seats. Since 1990, the German drama theatre became the fifth state theatre of Berlin.

The history of this theatre. The building itself was erected in 1848, but the first two years it housed the only summer theatre. Then it was converted into a municipal theater, Frederick William, where staged drama and Comedy, and is also popular in Germany singspiel", which is a symbiosis of Opera and plays. And only in 1883 was opened "German theatre", the purpose of which was to constitute the first national theater in Germany. The first performance of the German theatre was a staging of the tragedy of Friedrich Schiller's "Intrigue and love", then put other famous dramatic works - "don Carlos", "King Lear", "Romeo and Juliet". However, the repertoire policy was arranged and many of the leading actors left the theatre.

In 1894 the German theater was headed by Otto Brahm, and then made a turn to naturalism in theater arts, that is, most attention was paid to domestic detail, while declamation and pathos, on the contrary, was not welcomed. After the departure of Brahma in 1905, the theatre was headed by the already-established stage Director Max Reinhardt, the most successful Manager of the German theatre. His reign lasted until the coming to power of Hitler in 1933, and then, fearing for his life, he was forced to leave the country.

First and foremost, Reinhardt returned to the classical repertoire, not forgetting, however, and contemporary plays. He also founded the theatre school. In 20 years one of the leading dramatists of German theatre was the famous Bertolt Brecht. It is known that the scenes of the theatre was censored plays. At the entrance to the theatre is a monument to max Reinhardt.

After the Second world war, the German theatre was in the Soviet occupation zone of Berlin. He was one of the first resumed its activities in the devastated city. Because this theatre was located on the territory of the GDR, it is not surprising that we have staged plays by Russian authors: "Thunderstorm" Ostrovsky, "the Inspector General" by Gogol, "Uncle Vanya" by Chekhov and many others.

Since 2008, the German theatre controls Oliver Reese, known for its production of "Lolita" Nabokov.