/ / The Reichstag: photos, description (Reichstag)

The Reichstag: photos, description (Reichstag)

The term "Reichstag" means the national Assembly, collective deliberative and legislative body. First an informal gathering at the court of the German king was recorded in the year 754, and from the 12th century, the Assembly was fixed by agreement between the representatives of different segments of the population and the Kaiser. Since 1663, the Reichstag acted on an ongoing basis in the city of Regensburg in Bavaria.

The construction of the Reichstag building

The history of the modern Reichstag building in Germany begins with the laying of the Foundation - stone of the first of Wilhelm I in 1884. The complex was built under the project of Paul Volot, in High Renaissance style, symmetrical, with a mandatory Central unifying dome. Grandiose construction lasted until 1894, and took the building of the Parliament Wilhelm II. Four towers at the corners symbolized Bavaria, Prussia, württemberg and Saxony, and the dome in the center of the Kaiser. William himself from such dedication is refused, and called the dome a symbol of the people.

Kaiser not had the soul of the building, he called his hearse and seriously argued with the architect, and the completion of construction reached mutual insults. In the end, Wilhelm II refused to Volot in payout and awards.

Despite the rejection of the Kaiser Wilhelm Reichstag, the building was a model of technical progress of the time - equipped with toilets, running water, he had a generator in Windows - double glazed, it has Central heating with temperature gauges as well as phones and mail with a pneumatic actuator.

The Reichstag in the twentieth century

In 1918 in Germany was a revolution, and the Parliament was seized by the proletariat. Parliamentarians led by Philip Seidemann hastily proclaim Germany the bourgeois-democratic Republic. The number of deputies has changed to six against two hundred earlier, and all the seats are not enough.

At the end of February 1933, the decoration of the main hall of the Reichstag was almost completely destroyed in the fire, blaming the Communists. The government no longer works in the building, but there are different awareness centres. The new government is also its headquarters, the Reichstag is not considered, so it does not regenerate. During the war years, from 1941, the complex housed the Central office of the air force of Germany under the leadership of Goering.

In 1945, Berlin fell, the Reichstag was stormed by allied armies. Wall after the bombing and shelling was partly reduced to ruins, the dome almost collapsed, and the interior is inscribed with memorial inscriptions. Over the remains of the dome was hoisted a red flag.

The reconstruction of the Reichstag building

After the division of the city, the Reichstag was on the side of West Berlin. Since then the appointment has not been used, since the 70-ies of sat there some parts of the government and acted show. The first meeting of the Bundestag of a United Germany passed in the Reichstag in October 1990. In the same year began a large-scale reconstruction of the architectural monument, under the guidance of Norman foster. Was the most restored historic interior and exterior of the buildings and built new premises for work of officials. The famous dome was rebuilt, it was a key moment in the reconstruction of the original appearance of the Reichstag. From the dome, which are two elevators, panorama of Berlin at 360 degrees. In addition, with the dome of the terraces you can see the meeting room.

The towers are offices for meetings of the factions of the government, the office of the Chancellor of the Bundestag, bar, rooms for debate and other facilities. The new part of the Reichstag building is connected underground and aboveground crossings of the river spree. Nearby is the office of the Chancellor, Embassy of Switzerland and the kindergarten of the German Bundestag.

In memory of East Germans who died while trying to flee to the West, on the fence of the Reichstag are visible white crosses.

Note

  • Location: Platz der Republik 1, Berlin
  • Nearest metro stations: "Brandenburger Tor" line U55 .
  • Official website: http://www.bundestag.de
  • Opening hours: daily from 8-00 to 23-00.
  • Tickets: free. Tour must be booked in advance (per month) on the website.