/ / Roman bridge: photos, description (Roemerbruecke)

Roman bridge: photos, description (Roemerbruecke)

Roman bridge in Trier, or the so-called Old Moselle bridge is the oldest structure of this type on the territory of modern Germany - for almost two millennia is it a reliable crossing of the Moselle river.

The first bridge built on this site in the year 17 BC, were made of wood, on piles of oak. In 45 BC built the first bridge on stone piers just downstream, can be seen today preserved his column in the fall of the water level. Supports third since the founding of the city and the extant bridge on this place was built between 144 and 152.

Unique preservation of ancient buildings due to the durability used in the construction materials, primarily veneer pillars of basalt slabs, are obtained in mines in place of an extinct volcano. In the direction upstream of the columns of the bridge were sharpened for better resistance to ice and flooding. The original coating of the bridge was made of wood, later it was replaced by stone slabs. Nine ancient Roman bridge abutments and in our day, perform their function, supporting a busy road and the pedestrian road width of 10 meters at a height of 14 meters above the water level.

In 1689, the Roman bridge was blown up by French troops, but already in the early 18th century restored almost to its former appearance. At the same time on the Central support mounted crucifix and statue of St. Nicholas. Miraculously survived the bridge during the Second world war, for unknown reasons, he was not blown up by the retreating German troops. In the postwar period in the area of the Roman bridge was an active archaeological site.