/ / Baths of St. Barbara: photo description (Barbarathermen)

Baths of St. Barbara: photo description (Barbarathermen)

Baths of St. Barbara as well as the Roman bridge and amphitheatre belong to the ancient era. During their creation, in the second half of the II century ad, the city experienced a period of development, strong economic growth and a significant increase in population. The increasing needs of the citizens it became impossible to meet without creating a major center of leisure, personal care, sports and recreation.

By the time of the completion of the baths of St. Barbara, with a total area of 42.5 thousand square meters (length 250, width 170 m), was the second largest in the entire Roman Empire. Three indoor baths located in a typical Roman Thermae sequence from South to North: on the South side was Kildare with hot water, in the center of the warm tepidarium, on the North side housed the frigidarium with cold water. Left and right attached massage rooms, relaxation rooms, gyms. In the open area were playgrounds for ball games and the palestra (a place for gymnastic exercises).

The decline of the Roman Empire significantly affected the structure, by the fifth century the baths are no longer used for its intended purpose. In the early middle ages they were used as quarries, later the territory of the baths of St. Barbara became a part of the residential suburb of Trier. There was built the Jesuit parish Church of St. Barbara, which gave its name to the entire complex.

Since 2000, the baths closed to the public in connection with the extensive restorations.