/ / Berlin zoo: pictures, description (Zoologischer Garten Berlin)

Berlin zoo: pictures, description (Zoologischer Garten Berlin)

In the centre of Berlin, in the Tiergarten Park of the same district, is one of the ten best zoos in the world. It is the oldest zoo in Germany, its area is 35 hectares, number of animals varies from 14000 to 17000, there are 1500 species. At the zoo a aquarium, which presents amphibians, reptiles, and fishes, insects and invertebrates.

A bit of history

The zoo was opened in August 1844, when the country was ruled by Frederick William IV. The heyday of the zoo began when Director Henry Bodinus, who was appointed in 1869. It built an enclosure for antelopes, a separate room for the elephants, were brought flamingos and ostriches. At the zoo appeared rapidly food establishments and the shopping area. The construction sights of the zoo's famous Elephant gate ("Elefantentor") - also the merit of Bodenusa.

The next head of the zoo, Ludwig heck, who replaced Bodenusa in 1888, was successful in increasing the Fund for animals, has created a beautiful greenhouse. Aquarium project Dr. Oscar Heinroth was built in 1913 for animal behavior research from the same greenhouse. After the First world war the buildings were dismantled.

World war II brought the zoo tremendous harm. Most of the buildings and enclosures were destroyed, more than 3,700 animals survived only 91. Katherine Heinroth led the menagerie in the very difficult years - from 1945 to 1956. She managed a lot - was re-built enclosure for hippos, business premises, erected and repaired pens for antelopes and elephants.

In 1956, the restoration of the zoo was continued by Heinz-Georg cles. Under his leadership, was founded by the Zoological school, has exhibited sculptures of animals, built new habitats for bears and monkeys, cages for birds. For the predators of the night were allocated a separate room. A huge merit of Cles is to start breeding endangered and rare animal species.

1990 was the year of the unification of not only the country but also the two zoos - Tiergartenstra and Tierpark in West and East Berlin.

A walk in the zoo

One of the entrances - Elephant pagoda and home for the Giraffes and Antelope House, preserved in its original form from the 19th century. The cages are more like palaces than in animal cells.

Feature of the Berlin zoo in that the animals are separated from visitors not by the cells and ditches, and walls of pools for hippos and sea lions are transparent and you can see what's going on. Where else can you see a dip Hippo? Special cool enclosure for the penguins too transparent. Closed aviaries are designed for birds and tropical plants.

The zoo boasts of rare species of animals that managed to get in captivity is a red Panda, kiwi bird, ocelot, snow leopard, elephants, polar bears and ring-tailed kangaroos.

A separate three-storey building accommodates not only Aquarium fish. There are Komodo dragons, sharks, crocodiles and insects. The building of the aquarium was destroyed in November 1943 during the bombing, and in 1952 on the old Foundation began to build new, but partially restored the old interior.

Berliners love the zoo inhabitants and with great joy and pride in taking the news on the replenishment of one or another animal of the family. At the zoo the monuments of the animals - the famous Hippo named Knocka who survived the war, and the white bear cub Knut, born for the first time in the conditions of the zoo, and also a figure of a lion, a centaur, a Pelican, gorilla and others.

In the Berlin zoo decided to show visitors how and what to feed monkeys and also have the opportunity to observe the feeding of other animals.

Note

  • Location: Hardenbergplatz 8, Berlin
  • Nearest metro stations: Zoologischer Garten, lines U2, U9 and U12, the "Kurfürstendamm" with the lines U1 and U9.
  • Official website: http://www.zoo-berlin.de
  • Opening hours: daily from 20 March to 3 October - 9.00-19.00, from 4 October to 31 December - 9.00-17.00.
  • Tickets: adults - 13 euros (20 euros with an aquarium), students and pupils over 15 years - 10 Euro (15 aquarium), children 5-15 years € 6.50 (10 per aquarium).