/ / Villa Wahnfried: photos, description (Villa Wahnfried)

Villa Wahnfried: photos, description (Villa Wahnfried)

Villa Wahnfried located in the Bavarian town of Bayreuth. It was built in 1872-1874 years and belonged to the great German composer Richard Wagner. She is now converted into a Museum.

In 1871, Wagner moved to Bayreuth, where he was about to open his new theatre specially for his major operas - "the Ring of the Nibelung." However, the construction was hard, because Wagner did not have enough money, and his patron, the Bavarian king Ludwig II - was in no hurry to pay him royalties. Subsequently, Wagner spoke about the protracted construction as follows: "Each brick was stained with my blood!". He was directly involved in the construction of the Villa and has often made adjustments to the plans of architect Wilhelm Neumann. Finally, on 18 April 1874, the composer and his family settled in the new Villa, and on 13 August 1876 was the first Bayreuth festival.

The Villa was built in a remote part of a huge Park, the Hofgarten, broken in 1789, around the New castle of Bayreuth. It's name consists of two German words - Wahn, which means "illusion, delusion and Frieden, which means "peace, tranquility". On the front facade of the building is engraved the motto of Wagner, explains this name: "this place is my illusion found peace, and therefore I name you so - Wahnfried". Before the main entrance to the Villa stands a bronze bust of Wagner's patron king Ludwig II of Bavaria. Richard and his wife Cosima are buried in the garden behind the Villa.

Apart from the main building hosts the house of Siegfried Wagner, who first served as the Guesthouse and then became the home of Siegfried's wife, Winifred Wagner, who died in 1980. It is known that she was in a warm relationship with Adolf Hitler, and the Fuehrer repeatedly visited the Bayreuth festivals. Subsequently, Winifred was fined 6,000 DM for the support of the Nazi regime.

Until 1973 the Villa Wahnfried was owned by the heir of Richard Wagner, and in 1976, it operates as a Museum which in the summer of 2015 was finally re-opened after three years of restoration. On the first floor of the Museum presents a collection of personal belongings, letters, drawings, and various documents belonging personally to Richard Wagner. It tells about the life of the great composer in Bayreuth and died in 1882.

The Siegfried Wagner house opened to the public for the first time. The premises are preserved the atmosphere 30-ies. Here are personal documents and family photos Wagner during the Third Reich.

New construction in the Western part of the garden is also reserved for the Museum. It tells the history of the Bayreuth festivals, presents the costumes and scenery.