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Abbey Battle

Battle Abbey - the ruined Abbey in the town of battle, near the town of Hastings in Sussex, UK. It is built on the site of the famous battle of Hastings (eng. "battle" - "battle").

In 1070 Pope Alexander II imposed on the Normans penance for the fact that they killed so many people during the conquest of Britain. William the Conqueror vowed to build an Abbey on the site of the battle, and the Church, whose altar was located on the very spot where he was killed king Harold. William began the construction of and dedicated the Abbey to Saint Martin (known as the "Apostle of the Gauls"), but died before the completion of the work. By order of William the Abbey of St. Martin was removed from the Episcopal subordination, and equal to the Canterbury Abbey. In the period of the dissolution of the monasteries under Henry VIII the Abbey was closed, but the monks and the Abbot received pensions, and the Abbey itself was partially destroyed, partially ceded to private owners. For a long time it was owned by the family of the baronets of Webstero. In 1976, the battle Abbey was sold to the state.

From the Church of the Abbey remains only the outline of the building on the ground, but some other buildings of the XIII - XVI centuries are preserved. It is a private school, and tourists are only allowed in the Hall of the Abbot in the summer holidays. At the place where the Church's altar, now a memorial plaque, and nearby is the monument to king Harold.

Tourists are attracted by not only the ruins of the Abbey, but also the reconstruction of the battle of Hastings, which is held every year. The play involves not only professional actors, and fans of historical reconstructions from all over the world. In 2006, to see the battle was attended by 25 000 people.

With the name of the Abbey is associated the so-called "roll of battle Abbey" - now lost list of the companions of William the Conqueror, who came with him to Britain.