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Admiralty arch

Admiralty arch is an imposing building with five through-passages in the beginning of the street Mall, near Charing Cross and Trafalgar square. The arch set at the beginning of the XX century by king Edward VII in memory of his great mother, Queen Victoria. A site for the building of the monument was well chosen: it closes the perspective from Buckingham Palace and Victoria memorial in the direction of Trafalgar square.

The project facility was designed in 1910 by the architect sir Aston Webb. Space to put the arch separately from the other buildings were not here, and Webb combined it with the Old Admiralty building, which is also called simply "extension". It appeared in the late nineteenth century, when Britain was a leader in the race for naval armaments and the Admiralty needed to expand. Because of this close neighbourhood to the arch and got its name, although in fact she never had a relationship to the fleet. But it is decorated with sculptural groups Navigation and Artillery work of Thomas Brock. The complex of arches true standing by her side of Trafalgar square is a monument to captain James cook.

The arch was inaugurated in 1912, king Edward VII that day did not survive. The majestic building immediately became a ceremonial gate London, an important part of the Royal ceremonial route leading to Buckingham Palace. Of the five through-passages framed by Portland stone, the two big is designed for cars, and two smaller ones for pedestrians. Average gilded wrought-iron gates closed and only open for the Royal motorcade.

The inner area of this rather large building was used in different ways: as government offices, then as social housing. Arch gradually fell into decay. However, recently it was leased for 99 years to a Spanish investor who plans to place here a luxury hotel.

In one of the "car" drives out of the wall at a height of two meters stands a stone human nose. There are several legends: whether it is Napoleon's nose, is enshrined there in a mockery of a small rise of the Emperor, whether a spare nose for the statue of Nelson. In fact, the nose appeared here in the late XX century, it managed to discreetly stick the artist Rick Buckley, protesting thus against the practice of surveillance of citizens.