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Hadrian

Hadrian (Hadrian's wall) is a defensive fortification in the form of earthworks, built by the Romans in Britain. This is the first of two such fortifications. The second shaft - shaft Antonina was located to the North and not so well known, as survived much worse.

Hadrian was a length of 80 Roman miles or 120 km. its Height varied according to the location and construction material. To the East of the river Irthing shaft was built of rectangular stones, its width reached 3 meters and a height of 5-6 meters. West of the shaft has been ground, 6 meters wide and 3.5 meters tall.

There is a widespread belief that Hadrian runs along the border of England and Scotland. This is not so, Hadrian is located on the territory of England and is separated from the border less than a kilometer to the West and 110 kilometres to the East.

The wall was built on the orders of the Roman Emperor Hadrian, famous for the fact that during his reign, visited almost all the provinces of the Roman Empire. The construction of the wall began shortly before his arrival in Britain in 122 ad, Historians have not come to a consensus about why you built this wall. Perhaps it was to symbolize the might of the Roman Empire. Its functionality as a defensive structure, is questionable, both in military and economic point of view, whether scattered through the Northern plains Pictish tribes posed such a threat to the Roman Empire, and could the shaft to successfully repel their attacks. And do not cheaper would be to just attach these lands to the Empire than to build and contain a shaft? After all, it was not simply poured or built of stone wall. At the distance of one Roman mile from each other was built a small fortification. Along the shaft was built up to 17 full of FORTS, and the garrison wall at times exceeded 10,000 people.

After the departure of the Romans from Britain, the shaft collapsed. Large sections of the wall were demolished during the road's construction in the eighteenth century. But in the mid-nineteenth century, the wall became interested in John Clayton. He began to buy plots of land, where the remains of the shaft to the locals was not carried off the stones for their buildings. Then these lands were purchased by the national Trust for historic preservation and the natural heritage.

In 2003 along the line, where he held Hadrian, opened Hiking trail.