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Wellington Arch

Wellington arch dedicated to the victory of Britain in the Napoleonic wars. She looks like her famous Parisian cousin, and, although it looks modest, the real victory perpetuates it: the Duke of Wellington defeated Napoleon at Waterloo, and not Vice versa.

To erect the arch at the entrance to Hyde Park in honor of the victory over the usurper ordered by king George IV. The project was created by architect and landscape designer Decimus Burton, author of Hyde Park. Burton planned lush decor, but most of it had to be abandoned: the king was spending money mainly on the repairs of Buckingham Palace. The arch was completed in 1830 and had to get a true British, strict and restrained.

In 1846 the arch was crowned with a giant (8.5 meters high) equestrian statue of sir Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington - during the life of this outstanding military leader and Prime Minister (he died in 1852). Thus, a bronze Wellington sculptor Matthew watt watched horses at located opposite his family residence Apsley house. The statue immediately became the object of controversy and ridicule - Queen Victoria called it "an eyesore", but ordered not to touch during the life of the Duke.

In 1883, due to road expansion the arch was moved to its present location on the corner of Hyde Park, and a huge statue was moved to the small town of Aldershot in the South-East of England. Instead, in 1912, the arch was placed a bronze Quadriga, the work of Adrian Jones.This composition depicts an angel of peace on the war chariot. Funded the creation of a large bronze sculpture of Lord Michelham, and the bronze charioteer was sculptured with his eldest son.

Inside the arch there is room, until 1992, there dwelt a small branch of the police. On the three floors there is an exposition telling about the history and significance of the arch. Visitors can climb to the top, on the terrace, which offers views of the surrounding areas and the nearby memorial to the Royal artillery.

Each year, the city fire Department gets two to three reports that arch is lit. The fact that half of the buildings used as a ventilation shaft London underground, and running from here the warm air is sometimes mistaken for smoke.