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The white cliffs of Dover

Near the ancient port of Dover on the South East coast of England you can see one of the most famous wonders - the white chalk cliffs. It is believed that it is to them that Britain owes its Latin name of Albion - "albus" in Latin means "white". The height of these rocks is 110 meters.

The white cliffs of Dover are considered a kind of symbol of great Britain, because they are located in the narrowest part of the Strait that separates the island from continental Europe. The first thing you saw sailors approaching the island, - that this white strip on the horizon. In good clear weather, the white cliffs visible from the French coast.

White cliffs dedicated many poems and songs that they portray on the pictures, they are mentioned in the plays of Shakespeare.

The cliffs are composed mostly of soft fine-grained chalk, black spots and stripes are the inclusions of flint. The formation of these Cretaceous deposits occurred, as you might guess, in the Cretaceous period. They consist of the remains of many tiny shells which millions of years had accumulated on the seabed, forming these sedimentary rocks. The rocks were exposed during the last glacial period, when left under water isthmus that connected the island of great Britain with continental Europe.

Thousands of tourists come here every year to admire the white cliffs from the sea or walk around them at the top. Along the coastline cliffs along the many trails, however, warn tourists that come to the edge of the cliff is very dangerous. Unfortunately, the white cliffs subject to strong erosion. Water and wind over time destroy them, and sometimes huge areas of rocks falling into the sea.

The white cliffs of Dover are under the state protection as a monument of nature.