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Red Fort

Photos and description

Red Fort, or as it's also called the Lal Qila, was built during the reign of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. On his orders, in 1639, began construction of a fortress in the new capital of the state, moved to Shahjahanabad (old Delhi) from Agra. It was completed in 1648 and originally the citadel was called "Qila-I-Mubarak" which means "the blessed fortress", but as in the Fort there were new buildings, a new name.

Lal Qila is a large complex of buildings that housed the family of the ruler and about three thousand courtiers and nobles. Built of red Sandstone, this architectural monument has a characteristic bright brick-red color, which gave the new name of the fortress. It is built in the Muslim style, has the shape of an irregular octagon, and the height of its walls varies from 16 to 33 meters. Interior decoration of the fortress constructions is fully consistent with the Imperial status of its inhabitants. Carved pillars of extraordinary beauty, the walls are decorated with delicate ornaments and mosaic of marble tiles, neat domes and open-worked forged gratings, made the Red Fort a unique monument of Mughal architecture.

As already mentioned, the red Fort is a system of several parts, the most significant of which was the courtyard of the Diwan-I-AAM and the hall of the Diwan-I-Khas, where the Emperor received visitors, the private apartments of the ruler of the Nahr-I-Behisht, women's chambers (senani Mumtaz Mahal and Rank Mahal), luxurious gardens Hyatt Regency Bakhsh Bagh and the famous Pearl Mosque Moti, made entirely of white marble.

Today the fortress has several museums.

The red Fort remains a significant place for the people of India, not only because of the huge tourist flow, but also because every year on August 15, Independence Day, that is where the Prime Minister of India, read out his appeal to the people.