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Jantar Mantar

Photos and description

Jantar Mantar is a unique astronomical complex of buildings created on the orders of Maharaja Jai Singh II in Jaipur - the capital of the newly formed Rajasthan. Literally the name of the Observatory can be translated as "calculation instrument". It was built five such observatories in different cities of India, but the Jaipur Jantar Mantar is the largest of all, moreover, it has been preserved better than others.

Originally this building was perceived as a sacred place, since astronomy at that time was engaged exclusively in the caste of priests.

The complex consists of 14 buildings-appliances giant size, which is used for determining time, predicting eclipses and the weather, determining the distance to celestial objects, etc. Then it was thought that such large dimensions give these devices greater accuracy. So in the Jaipur Jantar Mantar are the biggest sundial in the world, the size of which is 27 meters in diameter. At the same time, they are in working condition and show the exact time.

Today, the Observatory attracts many tourists from all over the world. In addition, it is still used by local astronomers to predict the weather, although their predictions are not always true. Besides, this place is often visited by people who want to learn Vedic astrology as the Jantar Mantar is one of the few "survivors" of the Vedic structures.

In 1948 the Observatory gained the status of national monument. And in 2010, the Jantar Mantar was included in the world heritage list of UNESCO.