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Humayun's Tomb

Photos and description

The magnificent tomb of Mughal Emperor Humayun is more reminiscent of the opulent Palace. It is located in the Eastern part of Delhi, which is easily reached either by train or by taxi, and represents the first in India, the tomb-garden. The initiator of the construction was the wife of Humayun Hamid Banu Begum in 1562. Architects of the project were Persian architects and poets - a father and son Sayyid Muhammad Mirak Sayyid Ghiyath (or Mirak Mirza Ghiyas). Eight years later, the mausoleum was completed. It is a complex of buildings, which are located within the huge garden, Char Bagh (which means "four gardens"), which on three sides surrounded by a high wall, a fourth side, he rested in the river Yamuna, but since then her channel changed location. The garden, which is divided into 4 parts by two channels, can be accessed through the southern and Western gates, the main of which are larger in the South.

The mausoleum itself is a large building made of red Sandstone decorated with white and black marble. The architectural style of the buildings shows the influence of Persian architectural traditions. Humayun's tomb became a kind of ancestor of the buildings of this type, the most famous representative of which was built 70 years later, the Taj Mahal. Square tomb stands on a small pedestal, and its dome rises more than 38 metres above the ground. The bottom tier is decorated with a procession of graceful arches, which are located around the perimeter of the building. The sarcophagus of the ruler is in the centre of the upper tier in the big hall, decorated with placed several rows of Windows in the arched openings. Later the room was set back a few sarcophaguses in which lie the wife of Humayun (including Hamid Banu Begum) and several later Mughal emperors.

Just inside the Char Bagh are several tombs, the most famous being the tomb of Neela Gumbad, which means "blue dome" that was built for the Barber of his father Humayun - Babur. Near the blue Nile Gumbad is another mausoleum, which was built in honor of Babur, the first Mughal Emperor.

Humayun's tomb is today one of the most well preserved Mughal monuments and is included in the cultural heritage list of UNESCO.