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Fatehpur Sikri

Photos and description

A real "Ghost town" called Fatehpur Sikri is located in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, in the North of the country. It was built in the early 1500-ies by order of the Emperor Maharana Sangram Singh better known as Rana Sanga near the ancient town of Sikri, and was originally called Siregar. And its new name, "Fatehpur", which means "city of victory", it was once the Mughal Emperor Akbar conquered it from Rana Sanga.

In 1571 Akbar made Fatehpur Sikri as the capital of his state, and began to upset him. At that time, the city has many beautiful buildings, palaces and mosques. At the request of the Emperor, they were all made in the Persian style, thus he "gave tribute to" his famous ancestor Tamerlane. But still, due to the fact that the construction was attended by various architects and artists from all corners of the country, the architecture of the city brought a lot of culture of India, especially noticeable in the small details and decor elements. Almost every building is made of red Sandstone, which was very common in that country, but later some buildings were rebuilt using white marble as the main building material. Unfortunately, the status of the capital belonged to the city very long, from 1571 to 1585. Fatehpur Sikri was abandoned due to the lack of water in it.

Fatehpur Sikri is a wonderful place, whose length is 3 km, width 1 km. From three sides it is surrounded by the 11 km long high wall, which only had nine gates, and the fourth side in the time of Akbar there was a large lake. In the city almost every building is a real work of art. The main building of the city is the Palace, which housed the Emperor. It consists of several separate pavilions arranged in a geometrically strict order. You can also select Buland the Darvaz - the "gateway" to the city with a height of 54 meters, JAMA Masjid, or Friday Mosque, tomb of Salim Chisti - the Sufi Saint, after the blessing which, as it is believed, Akbar had a son Salim, better known in history as Jahangir, the Diwan-I-AAM - the hall for public meetings, the Diwan-I-Khas - hall for private gatherings, a beautiful Palace of Mariam-uz-Zamani - personal quarters of the wife of the great Emperor, and many others.