/ / Tomb Itamad-UD-Dauly

Tomb Itamad-UD-Dauly

Photos and description

Another beautiful building, built during the Great Mughal - the tomb Itamad-UD-Dauli, located in the historic Indian city of Agra, Uttar Pradesh, on the banks of the river Yamuna (Yamuna). It is known as "jewelry box", and is considered a kind of "rehearsal" before the construction of the famous Taj Mahal and is sometimes called "little Taj" or "Baby Taj".

Like any large building of this type, the Shrine is a complex consisting of the tombs, several "accompanying" buildings and, of course, a beautiful garden. The construction of the tomb was carried out between 1622 and 1628 year, by order of Nur Jahan, wife of the famous Emperor Jahangir. The tomb was intended for her father Mirza Ghiyas Running, which once was the ruler of Persia, but was in exile. During his reign, he earned the nickname Itamad-UD-Daula, which means "the pillar of the state", which gave the name to his tomb. He was also the grandfather of Mumtaz Mahal, for whom Shah Jahan and built dazzling the Taj Mahal. The tomb is located in the garden, which is accessed through magnificent gates made of red Sandstone, and the subtlety of finishes almost as good as the main building.

The tomb is a model of transition in architecture: from the first "phase", when the main construction material was red Sandstone, and to finish applied white marble, to the second "phase" when artists mainly used white marble and the decoration was dominated by the Florentine mosaic technique "Pietra Dura", the beauty of which is fully disclosed in the Taj Mahal. The building has a quadrangular form, and stands on a small "pedestal", a height of a little more than meters, with an area of about 50 sq. m. each corner of the building are hexagonal minarets with a height of over 13 meters. Walls of white marble decorated with inlay of semi-precious stones: onyx, lapis lazuli, Jasper, cornelian, Topaz that are set in real paintings, trees, vases with flowers and fruits.

The cenotaphs of the father and mother of Nur Jahan are located nearby, in one of the rooms of the tomb.