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The Village Of Haus Khas

Photos and description

The village of Haus Khas, is located in the southern part of the capital of India Delhi is a large complex, once consisting of a large swimming pool, madrasas (Islamic seminaries) and the mosques, as well as several pavilions built around a small village nearby, which appeared in the XIII century during the Sultanate of Delhi. At that time, house Khas was part of the second largest city in the Sultanate of Siri, in which the rules of the dynasty, Allaudin Khilji.

The name "house Khas" comes from the Urdu: "house" means a pond or pool, and "Khas" - Royal.

Initially, during the ruler of Khilji was only created a huge reservoir, which was to provide water to all residents of the city Siri. Later, during the reign of the next monarch Firuz Shah Tughlak (1351-1388) of the dynasty Tughlaq, on-site house appeared Khas and other buildings: the madrasa, a small mosque, six pavilions, crowned with domes and Firuz Shah advance to take care of your body after death - was built for the tomb. In addition, at the initiative of the ruler himself, the pool was updated, cleaned and expanded.

Madrasah in Haus Khas was built in 1352, and immediately became a leading educational institution in the whole of the Delhi Sultanate. She was considered to be the largest and most well-equipped Islamic Seminary in the world. Therefore, Delhi has acquired a great importance in the Islamic world, becoming after the fall of Baghdad, the most popular city among the Muslims who wanted to know about the Islamic religion as much as possible. Madrasah has an L-shaped, and were built along a water reservoir. One part has a length of 76 meters, and the other is 138 meters. And right at their junction, on the corner, is the tomb of Firuz Shah. The ruler died at the age of 90 after a long illness. His tomb is a rectangular building constructed of local quartzite, so in the sunlight it shines and shimmers. In its architecture mixed, as was traditional, Indian and Islamic styles, but at the same time it is characterized by simplicity of parts and absence of various decorative elements. In the tomb there are three graves: the Firuz Shah, his son and grandson.

On the North side of the madrasa is a mosque. Its the only room with a domed roof has a very small size - about 5 meters long and 2.5 meters wide. Happy double columns surrounds the open prayer "pad" under the open sky.

On the other hand, the madrassah is a large garden, which was built six stunning pavilions-gazebos. They all have different sizes and shapes, but each of them has a roof shaped dome, which is supported by carved columns.

The house Khas complex also boasts a beautiful Park, which is even known as the deer - there are different types of these animals. Besides these, there are rabbits, Guinea pigs, peacocks and other animals and birds.

Today, Haus Khas attracts special attention of Indian authorities, and public organizations. On their initiative was created and now implemented several programs to rehabilitate, conserve and develop the cultural and historical complex.