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Ellora Caves

Photos and description

29 km on Northwest from the city of Aurangabad, located in Maharashtra's Indian, are the Ellora caves (Ellora caves, or). They were created during the reign of the dynasty Rashtrakuta. 34 caves, carved in a monolith of one of the mountains Caramandi, are a real embodiment of achievements of Indian cave architecture. Each cave Ellora a unique and beautiful, and each embedded in the particle of the soul of the Indian people.

These caves were created as Buddhist, Hindu and Jain temples and monasteries, the so-called viharos and Mathew, in the period from V to X century. So 12 of the 34 caves are Buddhist temples, 17 Hindu and 5 Jain.

Previously it was thought that the first was built by the Buddhist part of Ellora (caves 1-12) - in V-VII centuries. But more recent studies have shown that some of the Hindu caves were created in earlier times. So, this part, in the majority, consists of the premises of the monastery - large multi-level space carved out of rock, some of which are decorated with images and sculptures of Buddha. Some sculptures are carved with such skill that they can be confused with wooden. Most famous Buddhist cave is considered to be 10-I am a cave - by viśvakarmā. In its center stands a statue of Buddha with a height of 4.5 meters.

The Hindu portion of the game created in VI-VIII centuries and is made in a completely different style. All the walls and ceilings of this part is completely covered with bas-reliefs and sculptures of such complexity that sometimes over the design and worked hard to create several generations of masters. Most striking is the 16th cave which is called Kailasanatha or of Kaylasa. She's a beauty superior to all the rest of the cave complex. It's more of a real temple carved in a solid rock.

Ganitskiy caves were created during the IX-X centuries. In their architecture embodies the pull of this religion to asceticism and simplicity. They surpass the other rooms in size, but despite its simplicity, is not inferior to them in uniqueness. So in one of these caves, the Indra Sabha, the ceiling carved amazing flower Lotus, and on the upper level there is a statue of the goddess Ambika sitting on a lion among the mango trees full of fruit.

In 1983 Ellora Caves was inscribed on the world Heritage list of UNESCO.