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Ajanta Caves

Photos and description

Ancient and well-place - the magnificent Ajanta caves - will not leave anyone indifferent. Located in the district of Aurangabad, in Maharashtra's near the settlement Agent, they are a complex of 30 caves carved right into the rocky rock river canyon Waghora, they resemble the shape of a horseshoe. Inside the caves constitute a veritable Museum of sculptures and murals. According to research, they were created in the period from II century BC to 600 ad as a Buddhist temple and monastery.

So, the first caves (called the caves of the first period) was established during the reign and under the patronage of the dynasty of Satavahana. The frescoes of these caves are among the most ancient of all extant artistic monuments of India.

The rest of the caves were built later (the caves of the second period), but scientists have not agreed about the time of their creation. According to recent studies, approximately 460-480 ad - the reign of the Emperor Harisena dynasty Vakataka. Soon the inhabitants of this cave monastery left it, and it was lost in the jungle.

Europeans is a unique place was discovered only in 1819. This happened due to the British officer John Smith, while hunting tiger, he accidentally discovered the entrance to a cave. And even now it is possible to distinguish between them scrawled the inscription on the column "John Smith, April 1819".

Inside the Ajanta caves are an excellent collection of the best specimens of mural painting and sculpture. Their walls are painted with scenes of public life, as well as Buddhist mythology and images of the gods.

In 1983, the Ajanta caves was inscribed on the world Heritage list of UNESCO.