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Borobudur Temple

Photos and description

Borobudur is a temple complex, dedicated to Mahayana - one of two main directions in Buddhism. Mahayana in Sanskrit, the ancient literary language of India, means "the great vehicle" and is a set of doctrines for Buddhists who aspire to attain Awakening for the benefit of all sentient beings.

Borobudur temple was built in IX century and is located in Magelang, province of Central Java. The design of this monument is quite unusual - tiered temple consists of 6 square platforms, they are three circular platforms, decorated with relief panels (more than 2500). In addition, the monument is decorated with Buddha statues (504 statues). The main dome is located in the center of the upper platform, the dome surrounded by 72 Buddha statues, each of which is located inside of the stupa is bell-shaped.

Borobudur temple is the largest Buddhist temple in the world and one of the greatest Buddhist monuments in the world. This temple is a place of worship the Shakyamuni Buddha, the spiritual teacher and the legendary founder of Buddhism, and a place of pilgrimage for Buddhists. The pilgrimage begins in the base of the monument, and the subsequent levels of bypass clockwise: the first 4 platforms - the world of desires, the following 5 - world forms, and the rest of the platform together with a large dome on top - the world is amorphous. All these levels are levels of Buddhist cosmology - ideas about the universe, rebirth and development.

It is assumed that the Borobudur temple became world famous in 1814 when sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles, Lieutenant-Governor of the island of Java, found a hill with a large number of stones with carvings. Began the process of restoration and cleansing of the monument. The large-scale restoration work was conducted from 1975-1982 under the auspices of the government of Indonesia and UNESCO, and then the temple was inscribed on the list of world heritage sites.