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Krakatau Volcano

Photos and description

Krakatau is a volcanic island located in the Sunda Strait between the Islands of Java and Sumatra, in the province of Lampung. It is worth noting the fact that this province is known for its volcanic instability in may 2005 was a strong earthquake (6.4), which caused great damage to the province of Lampung. One of the attractions of the province of Lampung is the beach of Tanjung Setia, which is equally famous for the unusual and challenging waves for surfing.

Krakatau also called the group of Islands that were formed from the larger Islands (with three volcanic peaks), which was destroyed in the eruption of the volcano Krakatau in 1883. The Krakatau eruption in 1883 triggered a giant tsunami, people died (according to some - about 40000 people), two thirds of the island Krakatau was destroyed. It is believed that the sound from the eruption was the loudest ever recorded in history, it was heard over 4800 km from the volcano, and a giant wave provoked by the eruption was recorded by paragrapli around the globe. Scientists estimate that the force of the explosion was 10 thousand times greater than the explosion that destroyed Hiroshima. In 1927 a new island, Anak Krakatau, which means "child of Krakatau".

On the ruins of the volcano occurred underwater eruption, a new volcano rose to 9 meters above the sea in a few days. Initially it was destroyed by the sea, but eventually, when lava flows poured out in greater numbers than they were destroyed by the sea, the volcano finally retook his seat. It happened in 1930. The height of the volcano has varied annually, on average, a volcano in the year has increased by approximately 7 meters. Today the height of the Anak-Krakatau - about 813 meters.

Due to the fact that the Anak-Krakatau is an active volcano, and its status - second alarm level (of four), the government of Indonesia officially banned the residents to settle closer than 3 km from the island, and area with a radius of 1.5 km from the crater closed to tourists and lovers of fishing.