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The Harbour Of Sunda Kelapa

Photos and description

The harbour of Sunda Kelapa is the old port, which is located at the mouth of the river Ciliwung. The name of the river Ciliwung translated from the Indonesian language sounds like "muddy river". This river is the largest river in Jakarta. In a time when the island of Java was colonized by Holland, river Ciliwung was important, and the port is an important stop on the route for many trading ships from around the world. In addition, the river was a source of fresh water for city residents. Unfortunately, today the water Ciliwung are polluted by industrial and household discharges, but in spite of this, the water remains relatively large number of fish and crabs, shrimps and other crustaceans.

The port of Sunda Kelapa at the time was the main port of Kingdom of Sunda, with whom begins the history of the capital of Indonesia, Jakarta. Translated from shanskogo language "Kelapa" is a local variety of coconut, hence the name harbour. In the XIII century, trade was one of the sources of income of the Kingdom of Sunda. It should be noted that the port of Sunda Kelapa was one of the few then existing Indonesian ports that maintained trade relations with Europe and took their ships.

In 1527 Sunda Kelapa was attacked by forces of the Sultanate of Demak, and soon the Sunda Kelapa was renamed into Jakarta. Later, the port became part of the Sultanate of Bantam. During the colonization of Holland near the port built a new city called Batavia. As the main port it functioned almost until the end of the XIX century, when was built the new port of Tanjung Priok in order to offload traffic arriving ships. The new port is located 9 km East of old port. After Indonesia became independent, the port of Batavia is again returned to its original name - Sunda Kelapa, as a tribute to the historical past of the harbour, standing at the origins of Jakarta.