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Mother Temple Of Besakih

Photos and description

Mother temple of Besakih, or Pura Besakih, is located in the eponymous village on the slopes of mount Agung, in the Eastern part of Bali island.

Mount Agung is a stratovolcano, the highest on the island, it reaches a height of 3142 m. Gunung Agung is a sacred mountain and is revered as a Shrine. The Balinese also called the mountain the "mountain-mother" because of the ancient belief that mount Agung is the repository for the spirits of their ancestors.

The temple built on this mountain, considered one of the most important, biggest and sacred temple complexes followers of Hinduism in Bali. During the last eruption, in 1963, the lava flow passed only a few metres away from the temple, but the temple was not damaged, and it once again confirmed the fact that this place is sacred. Today the volcano is "sleeping" on top of the crater, the diameter of which is approximately 500 m.

The temple complex consists of many small temples, more precisely - of the 23 structures. The main temple in the complex is Pura Penataran Agung that is dedicated to God Shiva. In addition to this temple is another large temple of Vishnu and Brahma temple. The remaining 20 temples.

The entrance to the temple complex is designed as a traditional Balinese split gate, called Chandi Bentar. After passing the gate, guests enter into a beautiful green area, and from there through another beautiful gates Kori Agung into the second courtyard. Each temple is dedicated to a particular God, it is visited by Balinese from certain regions or belonging to a particular caste.