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Sambisari Temple

Photos and description

Sambisari temple is a Hindu temple which is 8 km East of Yogyakarta near Adisucipto international airport. The temple was hidden underground at a depth of 5 meters, when excavation was excavated only part of the temple.

Were discovered the temple by accident when in July 1966 the farmer cultivated the land, and his hoe hit the carved stone which was part of the buried temple ruins. There were started excavations and restoration works, which ended only in March 1987. It is assumed that the temple was buried under a layer of ash during the eruption of the volcano Merapi.

Perhaps the discovery of sambisari temple was one of the most exciting archaeological findings in Yogyakarta, because this discovery made me think about whether there are other ancient temples, buried under volcanic ash after the eruption of mount Merapi.

On the basis of architectural style and ornaments of the building, as well as of Hindu statues around the temple walls and Linga-Yoni (upright cylinder with a rounded top, which symbolizes the indivisible unity of male and female), historians concluded that sambisari temple is a Saiva temple, which was built approximately in the first or in the second decade of the ninth century. This historical conclusion was further supported by the fact that during the excavations was discovered a gold plate engraved with the symbols that were used in the letter at the beginning of the IX century on the territory of ancient Java. Recently it has been again carried out excavations, during which was discovered the walls surrounding the temple. Was excavated only part of the wall still remaining is under the ground.

Sambisari temple was surrounded by walls of white brick. The temple complex consists of main temple and three smaller temples that stood in a line before the main temple. The walls of the temple was decorated with statues of the gods.