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Fort Vredeburg

Photos and description

The building of the Fort Vredeburg is located in the city of Yogyakarta, near the Palace of the sultans. The former colonial fortress is now a Museum.

The building of the Fort was built in 1760 after it was built a new Sultan's Palace, with the purpose to guard the residence of the Sultan and his family. The construction of the Fort did Dutch Governor-General Nikolaas Harting. A fortification was built on the land that highlighted the Sultan Hamengkubuwono I, who was the founder of the Sultanate of Yogyakarta and is considered a national hero of Indonesia.

Initially the Fort was a simple wooden building and had only 4 bastions. Later, in 1767, the Fort was expanded and strengthened. The reconstruction of the Fort were engaged Dutch architect Frans Haak. Reconstruction of the building was completed in 1787 and Fort was named Fort Rustenburg. Translated from Dutch the name sounds like "Fort holiday".

In 1867 occurred the earthquake which destroyed the Fort. The fortress was rebuilt and renamed fortification became known as Fort Vredeburg, which translated from Dutch means "Fort of peace". In 1942, when Indonesia was occupied by Japan, the Fort housed the headquarters of the Japanese army, in addition, there was a military prison. After the liberation of Indonesia, in 1945, the fortress housed the military command post of the army of Indonesia, and was also a prison for those who were a member of the Communist party, which was banned by the government of Indonesia.

In 1947, Suwardi Suryaningrat Indonesian politician and fighter for the independence of Indonesia expressed the idea of turning the fortress into a cultural institution. The agreement on the establishment of the Museum was achieved only in the 80-ies of XX century, in 1982 the building was reconstructed, in 1987, the Museum was opened for public visits, but was renamed Museum Fort Vredeburg only in 1992. The Museum has a collection of old photographs, and dioramas tell visitors about how Indonesia became an independent state.

In 2006, the earthquake destroyed the Museum, but later it was restored.