/ / The rock of Cashel: a photo, a description (Rock of Cashel)

The rock of Cashel: a photo, a description (Rock of Cashel)

The rock of Cashel, also known as the Royal rock or St. Patrick's Rock, is a national monument of Ireland and is one of the most popular and interesting architectural and historical sights of the emerald Isle. There is a historical place in the town of Cashel in County Tipperary.

For security purposes, in ancient times, people usually tried to settle on a hill, in order to have a good view of the approaches to their settlement, in the case of a possible attack of the enemy significantly increases the chances to repel the attack. In this sense, the picturesque green hill, later called the Rock of Cashel (Irish for "Cashel" means "stone Fort"), was more than suitable place for the erection of the fortress.

It is known that the fortification on the Rock of Cashel existed in the 4th century, and was founded by the first historically accurate ruler of Munster (Munster) - Kanalom Cork. Over the next seven centuries the Rock of Cashel was the constant residence of the kings of Munster. According to old legend, the Rock of Cashel was the place where in the 5th century converted to Christianity the king of Munster, Angus Mac Over Froih. The rite of baptism were conducted personally by Saint Patrick.

In 1101 the king of Munster and high king of Ireland Muirchertach Ua Briain transferred the Royal residence, in the gift of the Church. Soon the Rock of Cashel becomes an important religious center of Ireland and the seat of a Bishop.

Today the architectural complex of the Rock of Cashel - one of the best examples of a harmonious combination of medieval architecture and Celtic art. The extant structures mainly dates from the 12-13-th centuries. From earlier structures, unfortunately, were only fragments.

The oldest and the tallest structure in the Rock of Cashel is dated around the year 1100 is an impressive round tower, whose height is about 28 m. Preserved to the present day and the chapel of Cormack (1127-1134) is a rather complex and unusual structure, the architecture of which is dominated by the Romanesque style. Adorn the chapel frescoes are considered one of the best examples of mural painting in medieval Ireland. The separate attention is deserved and impressive Gothic Cathedral, built between 1235 and 1270 years.