/ / St. Patrick's Cathedral: a photo, description St Patrick's Cathedral)

St. Patrick's Cathedral: a photo, description St Patrick's Cathedral)

As you know, St. Patrick is the patron Saint of Ireland, and it really is popularly revered and beloved Saint. It is not surprising that the largest Cathedral of Ireland and is one of the oldest temples on the island bears the name of St. Patrick. The official name of the Cathedral is the national Cathedral and Collegiate Church of Saint Patrick in Dublin. It should be noted that, although the Cathedral is the Cathedral, the chair of the Bishop is in the Cathedral of Christ. Two of the Cathedral in the same city is a unique phenomenon, and for quite a while they were in a constant state of competition. In 1300, it was agreed on the delimitation of powers, in which, for example, cross, mitre and ring of the late Archbishop should be kept in the Cathedral of Christ and the burial of bishops should be held alternately in both cathedrals; in General, the two cathedrals to act collectively and on an equal basis. In 1870 the St. Patrick's Cathedral was given the status of a national, the seat of the chair of the Bishop of Dublin was defined as the Cathedral of Christ.

In 1192, the Archbishop of Dublin has assigned one of the four churches of Dublin the status of a collegiate Church. It was St. Patrick's Church, built near the source, bearing the name of this Saint. When the Church received the status of a Cathedral - is unknown, probably in the early thirteenth century. From the original Church of the XII century, is now virtually nothing left. The main buildings of the XIII-XIV centuries made in the style of early English Gothic. In the future, the Cathedral was repeatedly reconstructed, and its walls are additionally strengthened. The fact is that due to the proximity of the river and its many Paddle sleeves, the walls constantly otaplivayutsya, and sometimes there were floods, the water level in the building could climb to more than two meters. For this reason, in the Cathedral no basements or crypts.

In the XIV century was built the tower of the Cathedral, in 1769 it was installed, the spire, the total height of the tower is 140 m.