/ / Fort Elizabeth: photo description (Elizabeth Fort)

Fort Elizabeth: photo description (Elizabeth Fort)

Fort Elizabeth - ancient fortress in the Irish city of cork, built in the early 17th century by the decree of the Lord President of Munster, George Carew. The name of the Fort was in honor of the ruling in those days Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I.

The history of the Fort Elizabeth began in 1601, when on one of the hills outside the fortress walls of the medieval Cork, to secure the approaches to the city were built Outpost. The original Fort was a fortification of pentagonal shape, built of wood and earth. The location of the fortress had a significant disadvantage - in the case of capture by the enemy the city had become too vulnerable. Because of these considerations, in 1603, the inhabitants of Cork destroyed the Fort, but it was soon rebuilt by the city and subsequently rebuilt several times.

The earliest structure of the Fort, extant, dates from the years 1624-1625. It was then that the old Fort was replaced by a more powerful fortification. Significant changes were made to the Fort in 1649 under the leadership of Oliver Cromwell. In 1690, during the so-called War of the two kings (also known as Vilyiskaya or Jacobite war), cork was besieged by the troops of villamiel. After the city walls were destroyed, cork surrendered, fell with him and Fort.

In 1719 the castle was converted into barracks and as such was used until 1806. Subsequently it housed a women's prison, where inmates mostly had been sent to New South Wales and other British colonies, and then Cork city artillery. During the Irish war of independence (1919-1921) Elizabeth Fort was occupied by the British forces left it after the signing of the peace Treaty between Britain and Ireland. In August 1922, in the midst of Civil war, the Fort was thoroughly damaged by fire. After the Civil war the Fort was rebuilt, and now houses cork Garda (Irish police).

In 2013, the Elizabeth Fort as an important historical monument was transferred to the Cork city Council. Today the Fort is still under active development as a tourist site and is open to visitors only partially, but you will be able to climb the ramparts and enjoy the superb panoramic views. Periodically at Fort Elizabeth hosts a variety of fairs and festivals.