/ / Ashkenazi synagogue

Ashkenazi synagogue

The Ashkenazi Ari synagogue in Safed, named after the Rabbi, thinker and interpreter of the Torah Yitzhak Luria. In Judaism it is customary to abbreviate the names of revered medieval saints in the form of abbreviations. For example, the name of the righteous - Ari comes from a combination, which translates as "our teacher Yitzhak". Also the word "Arya" means in Hebrew "lion", so the Rabbi called himself "gorim", which means "the lions".

The Ari synagogue was built in Safed after the death of Isaac Luria. He came from a family where the mother was from a Sephardic (Jews of the East and Africa), and the father of Ashkenazi (Eastern European Jew). Isaac Luria was born in 1534 in Jerusalem, after his father's death the family moved to Egypt. Isaac returned to Israel on a trading mission in 1570 He stayed for two years in Safed, in teaching students the Torah. His disciple Chaim vital set out his doctrine in the book. Himself Rabbi was buried in the ancient cemetery in Safed, and in the place where he loved to meet with students Sabbath (sacred time of the Sabbath rest), a synagogue was built.

In 1837, the synagogue was damaged during the earthquake and was restored. In 1948 during a prayer at the big gathering of believers in a synagogue was hit by a shell fired by the Arab liberation army. However, no one was hurt.

Externally, the synagogue has a simple architecture. The main decoration of the interior of a Cabinet with the Torah. He draped a velvet curtain with gold and silver embroidery. On either side of him carved decorative columns. The wardrobe is made by craftsmen from Galicia and has a distinctive pommel, curved at a right angle above the shelves. Among the images in the decoration you can see a lion with a human face. The rest of the interior is quite modest and in line with the traditional decoration of the synagogue.