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Basilica Of The Agony (Church Of All Nations)

The Catholic Basilica of the Agony (Church of All Nations) dedicated to one of the dramatic episodes of the New Testament - Agony in the garden.

The gospel of Matthew, Mark and Luke tell us that the night before the arrest of Jesus in anticipation of testing grieved, horrified and grieved. His human nature did not want suffering and death but by His divine will led to them. In this inner struggle Jesus was the one closest earthly friends slept nearby while He was talking to the Heavenly Father with a request to carry the Cup of suffering pass. "And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly, and His sweat was like drops of blood falling down to the ground" (LK 22:44). Catholic tradition holds that this took place on the very spot where stands the Basilica of the Agony, at the foot of olives (olives) mountain, close to the present garden of Gethsemane.

The second is its name - of All Nations - the Church is because its construction has helped many countries. Architect Antonio's Belucci, who built the Basilica in 1924 and thanked them for their help unusual and beautiful. The roof of the Church has twelve domes of grey - on the inner surface of each of the emblem of the country, to donate for the construction. So marked Argentina, Chile, Brazil, Mexico, Italy, France, Spain, UK, Belgium, Canada, Germany and the United States. Mosaic in the apse donated by Ireland, Hungary and Poland, wrought-iron wreath around the "rock of agony" - Australia. The altar in the garden by the temple is used by all Christian denominations.

The Basilica is one of the most magnificent churches in Jerusalem. Its classical facade is decorated with magnificent mosaics works of Giulio Bargellini. A huge mural in gold, red and blue colours represents the praying of Jesus and the people for whom He is the only hope. The inscription in Latin - a quotation from the Hebrews of the Apostle Paul: "He, in the days of His flesh, with strong crying and with tears he offered prayers and supplications able to save Him from death, and was heard for His reverence". Four groups of Corinthian columns surmounted by figures of the evangelists.

The interior of the Church is solved rather in the Byzantine style - the powerful columns and an abundance of mosaic. The temple was built on the foundations of the chapel of the crusaders XII century and the fourth century Byzantine Basilica, destroyed by an earthquake in the eighth century. When building found fragments of ancient mosaics, which Berlucchi carefully preserved: glass window in the floor allows you to admire it.

Stained glass purple and blue, with stars, domed ceiling reminiscent of the grim atmosphere of that night when Jesus struggled with doubt. Before the altar in the shape of the bowl extends fragment of the rock - according to tradition, Christ prayed for it. Metal wreath around the stone symbolizes the crown of thorns.

Of course, no one can with absolute certainty that there really is the very rock. But people come here to pray, to reflect and grow in faith, remembering what happened the agony of Jesus: "My father! if not possible for this Cup to pass from Me, except I drink it, Thy will be done" (Matthew 26:42).