/ / The Sultan's Pool

The Sultan's Pool

In the Sultan's Pool has no water, it has long been no pool, just a large open space in the valley of Hinnom, to the West of mount Zion. For hundreds of years, there was a reservoir - not a place for bathing, and one of the most important components of the water system of Jerusalem. There were concerts in the open air.

The site, which lies in the valley, is quite large: its length is 170 meters, width 67, depth - more than 10. The former pool has an oval elongated shape, and this is no accident - probably during the Second Temple there was a Racecourse. Josephus wrote about the great amphitheater that Herod the Great built on the plain. Apparently, even then, the amphitheatre was surrounded by aqueducts: Herod built a system of aqueducts and pools that supplied water to the city and the Temple. Water with a total length of 23 kilometers had the elevation up to 32 meters and supplied water to the Temple to a height of 735 metres.

The exact date of the appearance here of the reservoir is unknown but it already existed in the Byzantine era. The crusaders called it "Hermanus". In the XIV century by the Mamluk Sultan Barkuk restored the dam on the Southeast side, and in the XV century Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, has completed the modernization of the reservoir. In honor of these rulers place and is called the Sultan's Pool.

The space looks austere and fascinating: sand, stones, surrounded by ancient walls, some herbs. On the Western slope is located Mishkenot-Sha'ananim, the first neighborhood in Jerusalem built outside the Old city walls (this happened in 1860 at the initiative of the British financier Moshe Montifiori). From all sides of the Sultan's Pool you can see parts of the aqueduct. Most likely, they will become exhibits of the Museum, to be built on this site.

On the South side, at the Hebron road (where it is for the former the dam passes over the valley of Hinnom), is an interesting historical and architectural monument - sebilj built in the XVI century. Such sebilj (public drinking fountains) was built in Jerusalem under Suleiman the Great, which confirms the inscription on the fountain read: the great Sultan Suleiman ordered to build this place for drinking. Except sebile at the Hebron road, in the city there are several.

Scaffolding and construction at the Pool of the Sultan should not surprise - it is part of equipment used for cultural events. Here, almost under the walls of the Old city, pass the film and Opera festivals, shows, concerts. This unique site was made by Eric Clapton, Bob Dylan, Leonard Cohen. If tourists are lucky enough to get here for the concert, he will appreciate how unusual it is perceived music under the open sky, in the ancient land, where everything breathes history.