/ / Beit She'an

Beit She'an

Beit Shean national Park and archeological zone 25 km South of the sea of Galilee. This is one of the largest and best preserved ancient cities. In Hebrew, the name means "house of peace". Greek the city's name - Nysa-Scythopolis. The first part of the name refers to the cult of Dionysus, and the second is associated with the Scythian tribes.

Archeologists total there are about 20 cultural layers. It is located on the hill height of 80 m. Found traces of the presence here of the Egyptians in the 15th century BC, the City was at the crossroads of trade routes, was surrounded by fertile lands, which were irrigated from 30 sources. For many centuries the Beit she'an flourished, being successively under the dominion of the Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines. Even the Arab invasion of the 7th century did not cause damage to the city. However, in the 8th century a strong earthquake destroyed many buildings, after which the Beit she'an was abandoned.

The most ancient finds include a statue of the Pharaoh Ramses and two steles. Showed traces of 5 of the Canaanite temples. We have a layout with a picture of the ancient city. From the Roman period have been preserved by two main streets - Cardo length of 150 m and Decumanus - and several areas of theatre for 7,000 spectators, and a Wellness area of 900 sq. m. with 8 rooms. Main streets adorned with a colonnade: left columns of the ionic order, and to the right along the theatre of the Corinthian order. In some houses preserved floor, decorated with mosaics with images of birds, plants, and Greek inscriptions. On the wall of one of the houses - a mosaic of the Greek goddess of the forest - Tikoy. The city was the Sewerage system: the drain was closed with stone slabs and divided into two, one of the streets. Some ancient buildings such as the theatre, was renovated and restored.

Visit the excavations allows a good understanding of the device of the ancient town and meet centuries of history of the country.