/ / The nature reserve of cava Grande del Cassibile: photo description (Riserva Naturale Cavagrande del Cassibile)

The nature reserve of cava Grande del Cassibile: photo description (Riserva Naturale Cavagrande del Cassibile)

The nature reserve of cava Grande del Cassibile" is a territory of great geographic, anthropological, archaeological, hydrological and speleological importance. It is spread over an area of 2700 hectares in the Sicilian region of Avola, Siracusa and Noto. The river Cassibile, or Casparis, as it was called by the ancient Greeks, runs through the reserve - for thousands of years it has formed a series of deep canyons stretching for 10 km.

The first inhabitants of these places were sikuli - protected by inaccessible cliffs and had access to water, in 11-10 centuries BC, they founded the two small settlements. One was located in the North - its ruins can still be seen from the observation deck, and the second in the opposite direction, to the South. Until we reached hundreds of tombs carved in the rocks one next to the other in six parallel levels.

At the end of the valley the river has created a complex system of small cascades with transparent and crystal-clear water. The most beautiful of them it is best to get from Avola Antica - the road will take about half an hour. If you go further stages, you can come to the settlement of Dieri. And to further enjoy the beauty of these places is to go for a couple of miles further towards the source of the river in the town of the Prize, where is a lake, the water of which is used at HPP. Along the way you can cross a number of absolutely wild and untouched areas, and to see a variety of plants, emitting a wonderful aroma, sage, thyme, Rue fragrant, mint and oregano, as well as bramble, ivy and oak trees, creating some difficulties for inexperienced travelers. Along the banks of the river are large trees, Mediterranean willow, white and black poplar, branched Grebeniki and amazing Oriental plane trees, the oldest of which have trunk diameter of 1.5 meters. Canyons of cava Grande is the Western boundary of sycamore.

Among the typical inhabitants of the reserve can be called oilseeds Warbler, which inhabits the undergrowth, is a small bird, typical undergrowth of the Mediterranean maquis. In the sky often seen peregrine falcons and Kestrels and some hawks soaring in the air on outstretched wings.