/ / Building Cisternone di Livorno: photo description (Cisternoni di Livorno)

Building Cisternone di Livorno: photo description (Cisternoni di Livorno)

Cisternone di Livorno - three huge buildings in the neoclassical style, built between 1829 and 1848 years as part of a water treatment complex and the reservoirs of the aqueduct Leopoldino. Fourth cisternone", which was supposed to appear in the district Castellacci never was built.

In Italian language "cisternone" means "huge tank". They supply the city and today is a major Mediterranean port, fresh water. In addition, built by architect Pasquale Poccianti, tanks are an example of an aesthetic approach to the design of utilitarian structures.

Aqueduct Leopoldino, also known as the aqueduct di Colognole, and neoclassical cistern of Livorno was part of the project will not only supply the city with water, but to clean it up. A Central element of the project was an aqueduct with a length of about 18 km, which summarized the water from Colognole. This engineering masterpiece was put into operation in 1816, the year before the completion of the construction. Until 1912, the year the aqueduct was the only urban water supplier.

The construction of the aqueduct began in 1793, the year on behalf of the Duke Ferdinado III and by the architect Giuseppe Salvetti. In 1799, the year the work stopped because of the death of Him yet because of the political differences that emerged in Tuscany in the years of the Napoleonic wars. Only in 1806, the year Queen Maria Luisa ordered to continue the construction of the aqueduct - the work continued until 1824, the year. In the future, the design of the aqueduct is again modified.

La Gran Conservative, also known as Il Cisternone, is the largest and most well-known covered cistern of Livorno. It was built in 1829-42-m with the Pasquale Poccianti. In 1833, the year in order to commemorate the wedding of the ruling the Grand Duke of Tuscany Leopoldo II and of Maria Antoinette, was completed ahead of schedule the facade of the Grand Canned food, although the whole structure is left in an unusable state until 1842, the year. Today this building has a surreal appearance thanks to its dome, the prototype for which was the Roman Pantheon.

More than a small tank, Cisternino di Pian di Rota, was built in 1845, the year. It is also made in the neoclassical style, but reminds the Palladian villas of the Veneto. Symmetrical facade crowned by a massive portico in the form of a prostyle, and inside is a huge rectangular tank.

Finally, Cisternino di Citta was built in 1848, the year. It features a large loggia with ionic columns and narrow Windows. This building was never used for storage of water, and from 1945, the year it hosts the city's cultural center.