/ / Scrovegni chapel: photos, description (Cappella degli Saint Anthony Basilica)

Scrovegni chapel: photos, description (Cappella degli Saint Anthony Basilica)

Scrovegni chapel, also known as the chapel of the arena Church in Padua, decorated with a cycle of frescoes by Giotto, early 14th century, one of the greatest treasures of art.

The Church was dedicated to the virgin Maria della carità and consecrated in 1305, the year. Frescoes by Giotto tell the story of the life of the virgin Mary and her role in the salvation of mankind. The second name of the chapel of the arena was given to her because she stands on the spot where in antiquity was situated the ancient Roman arena. Later, there took place the celebration of the Annunciation of the virgin Mary, and that led to the construction of the Church. The construction of the temple was the initiative of Enrico Scrovegni, a local banker, in those years, the profession of banker was recognized in the Church a grave sin, and a "disgraced" itself has spent huge sums to the Church to atone for sin. It is believed that Enrico built the temple to atone for the sins of his father, the usurer, Reginaldo degli Scrovegni, which the great Dante placed in the seventh circle of hell in his "divine Comedy". The tomb of Enrico is located in the apse of the Church, and his portrait can be seen in the fresco "judgment Day" of Giotto.

The chapel was attached to the new Palace, built by order of Enrico, and, apparently, served as a family Church. It also carried out some public rituals associated with the celebration of the Annunciation of the virgin Mary.

In addition to the cycle of frescoes by Giotto, a chapel stands out, except that, an arch. "Judgment Day" Giotto occupies the whole wall above the entrance to the chapel. Opposite you can see the unusual image of the Lord in heaven, send an angel to earth. Each wall is divided into three cycles of frescoes, each of which in turn consists of four images of two square meters. One of the most gripping paintings in the chapel is "the Judas Kiss" brushes of the same Giotto - the moment of betrayal that marked the first step of Jesus on the road to the crucifixion.