/ / Capitol: photos, description (Tempio Capitolino)

Capitol: photos, description (Tempio Capitolino)

The Capitol, built under the Emperor Vespasian in 73 ad, was a religious place and centre of ancient Brixia, the predecessor of the modern Brescia. In those years the building was located on the main street - Decumanus Maximus (today's via Museums) and was a temple with three halls in which were worshipped the Capitoline deities. It stood on the site of the ancient Roman temple, probably built in the 80-70-th BC In 1823, the year here has been excavated, in which was discovered the ancient temple, later the Capitol, which became a popular tourist attraction of Brescia.

Probably originally the Capitol had four prayer hall - this assumption can be done based on the structure of the ancient temple. Then the East hall was demolished in order to expand standing next to the amphitheatre. Historians are inclined to believe that in this fourth hall conducted the religious ceremonies dedicated to the local deity, which most likely had Celtic origin. Perhaps this deity was Hercules, because the Capitol in the oral tradition is often called the Temple of Hercules.

In the first half of the 19th century inside of the Capitol was discovered the fragments of the huge marble male statues, and parts of it continue to find today. The most fascinating explanation of these findings is the assumption that these are fragments of sculpture depicting seated on the throne of Jupiter, which stood above the Central hall of the Capitol. This statue could be created in the image and likeness of the eponymous sculpture in the Capitol in Rome, as the copies of the Roman Jupiter was set up in religious buildings throughout the Empire.

To get to Brescia the Capitol could, after climbing two flights of stairs. The top had a view of the forum and Basilica, and behind the Capitol, there was a hill Colle, Cidao - this layout was typical of Hellenistic architectural traditions.

Today in the vicinity of the Capitol building that was once the center of the city, you can see numerous ruins of ancient buildings, which served a variety of functions, for example, the amphitheater was used for entertainment and social events. At a conservative estimate, it could accommodate up to 15 thousand people. On the forum, lying in front of the Capitol (below the level of the modern Piazza del Foro), the market was located - it was a center of Commerce surrounded by artisan shops and stores.