/ / Carpi: photo description (Carpi)

Carpi: photo description (Carpi)

Carpi is an interesting tourist town in the Emilia-Romagna region with a population of about 70 thousand people. The base of this beautiful and important city dates to the 6th century ad Probably its name comes from the Latin name of hornbeam (carpinus), which suggests that in ancient times this area was covered with hornbeam forests.

Approximately in the 10th century Carpi was built the imposing castle, which became the residence of the counts of Canossa dynasty. Later, in the 12th century, the castle passed under the authority of the Church, but became the object of a fierce struggle between the rulers of Romagna, victory in which was eventually won by the family of PIO. Manfredo PIO acquired the castle in about 1352, the year, and it has formed the basis of feudal tenure, which lasted until the end of the 15th century. Within the castle walls housed the city centre, where the most important public and religious buildings.

Main street Carpi is from North to South through the city, and you can get to it through one of two city gates. Outside the ancient city walls and near these gates were discovered the ruins of several settlements and monasteries. To the North was the Upper village, to the South the lower, known as Borgoforte.

Inside the fortified citadel of the family of PIO built several important monuments, such as Castelvecchio and the so-called Torrione (Big tower) of the 15th century. The family of PIO was also involved in the Foundation of numerous monasteries, such as the Convento Sant'agostino, San nicolò and Santa Clara.

One of the members of the family of Alberto PIO III was a passionate lover of literature and arts and has made a significant contribution to the development of Renaissance - style Palazzo built by Alberto, Church Assunzione and Loggia (cloister) of the grain market. Unfortunately, this era of construction ceased in the 16th century, when the city passed into the possession of the Duchy of Ferrara. Only in the 19th century Carpi was another surge in construction, when the first industrial building.

Familiarity with Carpi should start with the old city centre with its medieval and Renaissance palaces. In Piazza Re Astolfo stands the Church of Santa Maria, called La Sagra, - the ancient construction Dating back to the 12th century. The Church was rebuilt in the 16th century, when by order of Alberto PIO was given a new façade. Inside you can see the cycle of frescoes by Antonio Alberti da Ferrara and the magnificent sarcophagus of Manfredo PIO work Sibillino. Near the Church stands a beautiful bell tower with arched Windows and a marble top.

Near the Church stands the Castello del PIO with numerous towers of the 16th century. Today, the castle is a Museum dedicated to the people who were deported from here to concentration camps during the Second World war.

Through the courtyard of the castle you can get to Piazza dei Martiri is the Central square of Carpi Cathedral, built by Baldassare, Peruzzi, and several palaces in the Renaissance style, in particular, the so-called "portico lungo". Here are the City Museum, library and historical archive.

Outside of the historical centre of Carpi is a lot of monuments of culture and architecture, especially churches. In via San Francesco is the Church of the 13th-century San Francesco, rebuilt in the 17th century. The facade of the Church is not completed, but noteworthy is the Baroque bell tower. Inside you can see the sarcophagi of the PIO family.

Near the Church of San Francesco are other religious buildings - Church 17th century San Bernardino di Siena with gilded wooden altars, Church of the Holy cross in the Rococo style and the Church of San Nicolo.

On Corso Fanti worth a visit the monastery of the monks of the Minorite as well as some fine buildings built by local aristocrats, and the Church of Santa Chiara and San Ignacio. Further, on Corso Cabassi, are equally interesting buildings from the middle Ages to the 19th century and the beautiful Baroque Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie 16th century.