/ / Carsulae: photos, description (Carsulae)

Carsulae: photos, description (Carsulae)

Carsulae - the archaeological site in Umbria, one of the most important in Italy. It is located 4 km to the North from the small town of San Gemini in the province of Terni. Very close to Carsulae is the village of Montecastrilli.

Most historians date the creation of Carsulae to 300 BC, although its transformation into a major city occurred only after the construction of the ancient Roman road via Flaminia, in 220-219 BC Before the site was probably a place of rest and supply point for water travelers, merchants and soldiers. The Western branch of the via Flaminia passed on a hilly plateau at the foot of the mountain range of Martini - this area was densely populated since the middle bronze age. And the Eastern branch connected the city of Narni and Terni and ended in Foligno, where it merged with the Eastern branch.

During the reign of Augustus Carsulae became a major Roman city: it was built an amphitheatre, great part of the forum and the marble Arch of Trajan, now known as the Arch of San Damiano. In the vicinity of the rapidly developing agriculture that has brought the city prosperity and wealth. From Rome to Carsulae came many "tourists" who come here attracted by the pastoral scenery, thermal mineral baths, theatres, temples, and other public institutions. However, at the same time as other cities, which stood on the via Flaminia, continue to exist to this day, from Carsulae in ruins - the city was abandoned and was never able to recover. The only building that was built here in the early Christian era in 4 or 5th century, is the Church of San Damiano, located at the southern entrance to the city. The Church was built for a small monastic community on the ruins of an ancient Roman building.

For centuries Carsulae was used as a quarry, which did the building materials for the construction of houses in Spoleto and CESI. Still it is not known why the town was abandoned. Perhaps it was destroyed during the earthquake and may be the thing is that a lively trade route moved to the Eastern branch of the via Flaminia, and the city lost its importance.

The first archaeological excavations were carried out in Carsulae in the 16th century on the initiative of Duke Federico CESI, then, in the 17th century, work continued under the leadership of the Pope Pius VI. But only in 1951 began a thorough study of the site and documentation for the discovered finds. Today you can see plenty of evidence of a bygone era. The fragments of the ancient road via Flaminia, the Roman baths, the tank in which stored drinking water. Once there stood two temples, called "temple of the twins" and is dedicated to two unknown Roman divinities - they were only ruins. The forum, formerly the city's main square, was built around the Basilica, which preserved the interior in the shape of a rectangle, the Central nave and two side aisles, separated by rows of columns. To the East of the via Flaminia in the valley you can see the amphitheatre, built of limestone and brick. The above Arch of Trajan, which today is called the Arch of San Damiano, originally consisted of three marble arches, from which remain only the Central. Once she stood at the Northern entrance to Carsulae.

Among the ancient ruins is to provide tombstones, one of which probably belonged to the noble family Furiya. Nameplate with this gravestone is now kept in the Museum of Palazzo CESI in Acquasparta town. Finally, you should definitely explore the Church of San Damiano, built in the early Christian era, on the ruins of an ancient Roman building, the purpose of which remains unclear. Fragments of this building are still visible on the South side of the Church. In the 11th century to the San Damiano has been added to the portico and two interior colonnades.