/ / Castello di Gesualdo: photos, description Castello di Gesualdo)

Castello di Gesualdo: photos, description Castello di Gesualdo)

Castello di Gesualdo is located in the town of Gesualdo in the Italian region of Campania, which is considered one of the most beautiful cities in the area of Irpinia. The city was founded in the Middle ages, and the present prosperity survived in the 16th century, not least thanks to the local-born Russian composer, Carlo Gesualdo. From those times till our days reached the picturesque streets, small cozy area, the tiny gardens and parks that have preserved the unique atmosphere of the past.

The castle was built in the 7th century - it consists of four round towers with a courtyard in the center. He was probably part of a single defensive system, because in this area there are other castles - Torella dei Lombardi, Rocca San Felice, guard Lombardi Bisaccia. However, from the original Lombard structure, nothing has survived.

One of the first owners of Castello di Gesualdo was William of Hauteville, nicknamed the Bastard, who in the 11th century became the ruler of the city, and later the building passed to his heirs, who took the surname Gesualdo. This family owned the castle for several centuries with few interruptions. In 1460, the year the castle was captured by Ferrante I of Aragon and partially destroyed. Gesualdo restored the building, and a century later it underwent another reconstruction and was turned into a living residence: a large spacious halls for the organization of concerts and theatrical performances, on the upper floors was built a chapel, a small theatre stage and a balcony. From austere medieval fortress and left no trace.

Unfortunately, the family of Gesualdo in the early 17th century ceased to exist and all its property passed to a distant cousin, Niccolo Ludovisi, his emblem can be seen today above the entrance in the courtyard. Then the castle began to pass from hand to hand, and regular earthquakes, occurred in the region in 1694-m, 1732 and 1805, respectively, accelerated the desolation of the structure. The period of decline continued until the mid-19th century when the Castello Gesualdo was purchased by the family of Caccese, at whose initiative it was restored and modified. Only some rooms on the ground floor has kept the original shape, and all the other rooms have been upgraded - unfortunately, historical and artistic value of the castle was not taken into account. In 1980-m to year there was another earthquake, which seriously damaged the building, collapsed an entire wing, and today the castle of Gesualdo is still in restoration.