/ / Cathedral of Assisi: photo description (Cattedrale di Assisi)

Cathedral of Assisi: photo description (Cattedrale di Assisi)

Assisi Cathedral, dedicated to Saint Rufino, the first Bishop of the city, is the main Church of Assisi. This Church played an important role in the history of the Franciscan order. Here was baptized St. Francis of Assisi (1182), Saint Clare (1193 year) and many of their followers. Here in 1209 Francis read his ardent sermon that turned the life of a simple girl Clara and, according to her, drew her on the right path. Monk Tommaso da Celano, the author of three agiography St. Francis of Assisi, writes that once he saw that Francis was praying in the Cathedral, and at the same time others saw him jumping on a chariot of fire in the Church of Porziuncola 4 km from Assisi.

The majestic Cathedral in the Roman-Umbrian style, is the third Church built on this place to preserve the relics of Bishop Rufino, martyred in the 3rd century. Its construction began in 1140 under the guidance of architect Giovanni da Gubbio, as the inscription on the wall of the apse. In 1228 during your stay in Assisi for the canonization of St. Francis, Pope Gregory IX consecrated the high altar of the Cathedral. And Pope innocent IV visited the opening ceremony of the new temple in 1253.

Romanesque façade of the Church is made of stone and has a typical Umbrian style of the 12th century. It is divided into three parts: at the top you can see an empty semi-circular arch which probably was supposed to be a mosaic or frieze, the middle separated by two pillars on the same line with the upper arch, and decorated Windows-sockets, and the bottom is composed of three decorated stone portals with the griffins. Its rich finish stands out average portal: the archways above him you can see a bas-relief of Christ enthroned between the sun and the moon, the virgin Mary and St. Rufina.

To the left of the façade stands a square bell tower, built in the 11th century. Then she was behind the apse of the previous Church, built by Bishop Hugo in the year 1029. The upper part of the belfry dates from the 13th century, and its Foundation lies on the ruins of an ancient Roman reservoir. The structure on the side of the tower was identified as the house of Santa Clara.

In 1571 the interior of the Cathedral, originally Romanesque style, was entirely rebuilt in the late Renaissance style by the architect Gian Galeazzo Alessi from Perugia. Inside the present Church consists of a Central nave, two side aisles, divided by massive pillars, apses and domes. To our days have survived the font in which were baptized saints Francis and Clara, she is located in the right aisle. The font is made of ancient granite column and is surrounded by an iron gate. Here is the chapel of the Holy sacrament, built in Baroque style in the 16th and 17th centuries and decorated with frescoes. And the chapel of the blessed virgin Mary of Consolation was built in 1496. Most recently, it stole a terracotta statue of the 15th century depicting the virgin Mary mourning Jesus Christ. In its place today is an exact wooden copy.

The main altar of the Cathedral situated directly below the dome and above the burial place of St. Rufina. On both sides of it there are sculptures of saints Francis and Clara. And in the apse you can see the magnificent choirs with 22 seats, decorated with carvings, and a statue of the Saint Rufina in the center.

Under the Cathedral is a crypt with the Roman sarcophagus where the remains of Rufina. Here you can see the ruins of the cloister of the 10th century (Carolingian).

In 1941 opened Cathedral Museum and Crypt of San Rufino, which today contains some works of art - antique sarcophagus, frescoes, reliquaries, cancers and several religious paintings.