/ / Cathedral of Matera: photo description (Cattedrale di Matera)

Cathedral of Matera: photo description (Cattedrale di Matera)

Matera Cathedral, named Santa Maria della Bruna, the main Roman Catholic Church of the city of Matera in the Italian region of Basilicata. It was built in Apulian-Romanesque style in the 13th century on the ridge that is the highest point in Matera, on the site of the old Church of St. Eustache, the patron Saint of the city. The construction of the Cathedral began in 1203, the year after Pope innocent III granted the title of Matera diocese, and only ended in 1270, the year. The Church was originally dedicated to the virgin Mary, as appears from historical documents, then, in 1318, the year she received the name of Santa Maria del Episcopio, and from 1389, the year began to bear the name of Santa Maria della Bruna, in honor of another patron Saint of the town. In 1627, the year the Bishop of Matera Monsignor Fabrizio Antinori solemnly consecrated the Church in honor of both patrons, the Holy Eustache and the virgin Mary, but the people was more common the name of Santa Maria della Bruna.

The Western facade of the Cathedral is notable for the round window-socket with 16 rays and a 52-meter bell tower on the left. Inside, the Cathedral is shaped like a Latin cross and has three naves. Special attention deserves the Byzantine fresco of the Madonna della Bruna with child, the relics of St. John of Matera, the wooden choir in the apse, Nativity scenes, created in 1534, the year the sculptor Altobello Persia, a fresco depicting the last judgement and the chapel of the Annunziata of the Renaissance.