/ / Monza Cathedral: a photo, description Duomo di Monza)

Monza Cathedral: a photo, description Duomo di Monza)

Monza Cathedral, named after San Giovanni Battista in honor of John the Baptist, is the main religious building of the Lombard town. Unlike other cathedrals, this essentially is not a Cathedral, as Monza has always been part of the bishopric of Milan. However, the Council is headed by the Archbishop, who performs the functions of a Bishop.

The first building on the site of the present Cathedral was built in the early 7th century when it was baptised the heir to the Lombard throne, Adaloald. And before that, at the end of the 6th century, the Lombard Queen Theodolinda ordered to build here the Royal chapel. According to legend, Theodelinda made a vow to build a Church in honor of St. John the Baptist, and when she passed on the banks of the river Lambro, she saw a dove who told her "modo", which in Latin means "now". The Queen responded "Etiam" ("Yes") - so the decision was made on the construction of the Cathedral. Interestingly, the Monza was originally called Kadoatie. Unfortunately, the original Church, built in the shape of a Greek cross, leaving only the walls. She Theodelinda was buried in the place where today is located the left side chapel of the Cathedral.

In the 13th century on the site of the old Church was built a Basilica, which in the 14th century was rebuilt in the form of a Latin cross. At the end of the same century it was attached to the side of the chapel was started the construction of the Western façade of white and green marble Pisano-Gothic style by the project of Matteo da Campione. In the 16th century, was restored choirs and vaults of the temple, and the walls are decorated with frescoes and stucco. In 1606 modulationally. And in the 18th century to the left of the Church was used as a cemetery.

The massive West facade is divided into five parts, each of which is surmounted by the ark with the statue. The facade is decorated with several arched Windows and a huge window-outlet in the center, framed masks and stars. The main facade is built in Romanesque style, but decorated in the Gothic style. The latter is the porch with gargoyles 14th century and the rest of the 13th century with the busts of Theodelinda and Agilulf. Above the porch is visible the statue of John the Baptist, and above the portal a picture of the baptism of Christ. There is also a portrait of Theodelinda, handing John the Baptist the Iron Crown of Lombardy.

In the right transept is the entrance to the Serpero Museum, which contains a real treasure - the same Iron Crown of Lombardy. Here is also a collection of antiquities and artefacts from the early middle Ages, for example a small metal vessel of the 6th century, one of the first images of the Crucifixion, etc. the library holds a number of ancient illustrated manuscripts.