/ / Cathedral of Sant'erasmo: photos, description (Cattedrale di Sant'erasmo)

Cathedral of Sant'erasmo: photos, description (Cattedrale di Sant'erasmo)

Cathedral of Sant'erasmo is the main Roman Catholic Church of Gaeta. It was first built in the 7th century and then rebuilt several times - in the 10th, the 17th and 18th centuries. In the 20th century was replaced by his facade.

The current neoclassical building is the result of a reconstruction in the 18th century by order of Ferdinand IV of Bourbon. The facade of the Cathedral was built in 1903, the year in the Gothic revival style: it has a large portico surmounted by a triple Lancet window in the centre. The pediment above the round window, a socket was made in the mid-20th century, of pale calcareous tufa.

Inside the Cathedral consists of a Central nave with side chapels and transepts, altar space, and a raised apse. In front of the presbytery are wooden choir of the 16th century, resting on two marble columns. Also preserved columns of the original medieval building. Located under the altar crypt, decorated in the 16-17th centuries colored marble and frescoes. You can get into it from the two side aisles by two large staircases. The interior of the Cathedral is decorated with numerous works of art, for example, the Easter candle, decorated with carvings of the 13th century.

Cathedral of Sant'erasmo stands on the spot where in the 7th century, outside the city walls, was built the Church of Santa Maria that gave refuge fleeing from Formia bishops. In the 10th century, after the discovery of the relics of St. Erasmus, the Church was expanded and took deposited the remains of saints. In 1106, the year it was consecrated by Pope Pasquale II.

To the right of the Cathedral stands a 57-foot bell tower in Arab-Norman style, built in the 12th century by the architect Niccolo d’ Angelo. At the entrance you can see a bas-relief depicting a sea monster, swallowing the biblical prophet Jonah. The Foundation of the tower was built of fragments of Roman monuments, in particular, the mausoleum Atracine. An impressive staircase leads inside, where you can find Roman sarcophagi of the archaeological zone of Minturno. The bell tower, like much of the surrounding area was seriously damaged during the Second World war, but was restored and remains an important element of the urban landscape.