/ / Cemetery Staglieno: photos, description (Cimitero monumentale di Staglieno)

Cemetery Staglieno: photos, description (Cimitero monumentale di Staglieno)

Staglieno cemetery is a large cemetery located on the hills in the Genoese area Stalino and became famous for his monumental sculptures. It is also one of the largest cemeteries in Europe — its area is about 1 sq. km.

The creation of the project of the cemetery dates back to the time of Napoleon, who, by his edict of 1804 forbade burying the dead in churches and cities. The first project was completed by a local architect, Carlo B in 1835. However, in the same year, he died during the cholera epidemic that struck Genoa, and failed to implement his idea. It took the student of B Giovanni Battista Resasco.

For the cemetery was purchased by the South-Eastern part of the hill Stalino — the territory of the small village Villa, Vaccarezza attention, because it was sparsely populated and was relatively close to Genoa. Work on the cemetery began in 1844 and was completed in January 1851. On the opening day of the cemetery on it was held the first 4 the burial ceremony.

Over time, the cemetery area was expanded and today it includes an English cemetery, a Protestant cemetery and a cemetery of the Jews. In the centre stands a tall statue of Faith, made Santo barnea. Opposite the statue is built is crowned with the dome of the Pantheon — a copy of the Pantheon in Rome — with a Doric portico, framed on the sides by two marble sculptures of the prophets Jeremiah and job.

Because once Genoa was one of the major educational centres of Italy, it attracted reformists and influential bourgeois. They then brought the tradition to place on the graves of the funerary sculptures, wishing to perpetuate the memory of himself and his actions. Today the cemetery Staglieno you can see the tombs of Oscar Wilde's wife Constance Lloyd, the former Prime Minister of Italy, Ferruccio parry, the singer Fabrizio de andré, the policy of Nino Bixio and one of the most important participants in the movement for Italian unification of Giuseppe Mazzini. Among the sculptors who worked on the creation of funerary figures was Leonardo Bistolfi, Giulio Monteverde, and Edoardo Alfieri.

A strong influence of the British Empire in the history of Genoa in the late 19th century is reflected in the existence of a separate English cemetery on site Stalino, which are buried British soldiers who died during the First and Second world wars.

Cemetery Staglieno in one of his stories mentioned mark TWAIN, and Friedrich Nietzsche have often visited these places in the 1880s, along with his friend the Field of Ri, which they conducted thorough philosophical discussions, wandering among the tombstones.