/ / Column of Marcus Aurelius: photos, description (Colonna di Marco Aurelio)

Column of Marcus Aurelius: photos, description (Colonna di Marco Aurelio)

Column of Marcus Aurelius is one of several triumphal columns in Rome. Located in Piazza Colonna. This is a Doric column with a spiral relief - it was built in honour of Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius. But because the original dedicatory inscription has not survived, it is unknown whether the column was created during the reign of the Emperor, or after his death in the year 180. It is known only that in 193 year it has existed.

Column of Marcus Aurelius once stood in the center of the square in the Northern part of the field of Mars. This area was located between the temples of Hadrian and Marcus Aurelius (from the last nothing left), or within the temple last. Nearby is the place where the ceremony of cremation of the Emperor.

The column shaft reaches of 29.62 m in height and stands on a base with a height of just over 10 m. the base in turn was initially at rest on another platform with a height of 3 m (after the restoration in 1589, the platform has been buried under the ground). The column itself consists of 27 or 28 blocks of Carrara marble. Inside it is hollow. Spiral relief illustrates the story of Marcomannic wars in which Marcus Aurelius was attended with 166 years until his death. The story begins with the transition of the army across the Danube. The precise chronology of those events is unknown. Here you can see the story of the so-called "miraculous rain" when the gods in answer to the prayer of the Emperor about the salvation army sent a terrible storm. In the Middle ages attempt to climb the column was so popular that it even took money. However, today to do that anymore.

In 1589 on the orders of Pope Sixtus V was carried out the restoration of the column in which it was a bronze statue of the Apostle Paul. During the renovation, we removed the damaged relief images. Now the column of Marcus Aurelius is a Central element of the square in front of Palazzo Chigi.